Nowadays, due to unhealthy eating habits and lifestyle, people are facing problems with acidity i.e. gas in people. Many patients come and say that “they are having gas”, “having problems with acid”. Hyperacidity is one of the most common reasons why people are facing “gas problems”. It is seen in all ages, all classes, and all communities.
Hyperacidity, also known as acid dyspepsia, the stomach secretes Hydrochloric Acid, a digestive juice that breaks down food particles into their smallest form to aid digestion. When there is an excessive amount of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, the condition is known as Hyperacidity.
Causes of Hyperacidity
Our stomach consists of acid (HCL- Hydrochloric acid), the amount of acid in our stomach is of pH 4. Which means, there is a lot of acidic environment inside and this is also important for us because whatever germ comes in our stomach through the food that we consume, they die in the acidic environment, so this acidity is important. But in some cases, this acidic nature becomes more than the required level, and that acidity starts to hurt.
When the acid backs up into your food pipe (esophagus), it can cause Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or GORD (Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease). When this happens, you may get heartburn or acid reflux.
‘Hurry’, ‘Worry’, and ‘Curry’ are the three main reasons for the disease. Here are some poor lifestyle that leads to Hyperacidity:
- Spicy food habits like eating samosa, burger, pizza, Chinese food. Excessive use of chilly, Cinnamon, clove, mustard, garam masala powder (spice mixture), garlic, etc. in diet
- Salty and sour foods like chips,
- Eating stale, fermented foods (dosa, uttapam, idli, etc. bakery food items).
- Excessive intake of fast food
- Excessive intake of Oily foods, pickles
- Intake of food and beverages in its hot condition like soups
- Excessive intake of tea/coffee.
- Lesser intake of water, dry food
- Irregular mealtimes
- Repeated food intake (before the digestion of the previously taken food)
- Incompatible food like taking non-veg., pizza followed by a milkshake.
- Skipping meals.
- Eating too late at night
- Lack of rest, fast-moving lifestyle.
- Insufficient sleep at night.
- Sleeping immediately after meals.
- Suppression of natural urges.
- Excessive exposure to sun and fire Mental factors
- Stressful lifestyle
- Excessive anxiety, worry, jealousy, anger, fear
- Job dissatisfaction,
- Addiction to alcohol,
- smoking, tobacco chewing
- Prolonged intake of NSAIDS (pain killers)
- Helicobacter pylori infection
Signs and Symptoms of hyperacidity
- Heart &chest burn
- Throat burn
- Prolonged sour taste in the mouth or bitter-tasting acid that backs up into your throat and mouth.
- Chest pain.
- Dry Cough
- Chronic Sinusitis
- Ear pain
- Gaseous distention of abdomen
- Heaviness in abdomen
Prevention and Home Remedies for hyperacidity
Prevention is better than cure. So, stop your bad habits to avoid hyperacidity. Practices mindful eating habits, regularise meal patterns and timings, avoid intake of spicy foods, quit smoking, and limit alcohol consumption, cut down your intake of caffeinated beverages, and start working out.
Hyperacidity can be treated by over the counter antacids. For more severe cases, your doctor may prescribe other medications like H-2-receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). But they’re also natural ways to control hyperacidity. Here are some home remedies you can try to combat acidity:
A popular ayurvedic treatment, tulsi or holy basil has anti-ulcer properties that help to lower the gastric acid secretions and restorative the digestive system to produce more mucus. Grind and Chew a few tulsi leaves regularly to get instant comfort from hyperacidity.
Drink a glass of ginger tea soon after meals. Ginger can reduce stomach acid flowing up into the esophagus, improves mucus production, reduce inflammation, and aids in digestion. All these can help you get rest from hyperacidity.
Sipping on a glass of cold milk of the best remedies for hyperacidity. The high calcium content in milk can prevent the excess secretion of hydrochloric acids as well as absorb the acids in the stomach. But don’t add sugar or sweeteners and avoid it during sleep time as it can add to your digestive inconvenience and pain. The best time to drink cold milk is early in the morning. It can also keep you hydrated throughout the day.
A natural coolant, mint leaves can reduce the burning and pain associated with acidity and indigestion. It has carminative properties that can pacify the acid secretions in the stomach. In addition, it can help hush the abdominal cramps and improve digestion. So, sip on a cup of mint tea to get relief from hyperacidity.
Cumin Seeds (Jeera)
Ayurvedic experts strongly recommend jeera water for treating digestive woes like acidity, indigestion, and bloating. Cumin seeds work as a potent acid neutralizer and help stimulate saliva production which aids in digestion. Boil one cup of water with one teaspoon full of cumin seeds. Strain it, let it cool, and drink it to get instant relief from acidity.
Best Yogas for Hyperacidity
1. Paschimottanasana (Forward bend pose)
Paschimottanasana or the Forward bend pose is an excellent yoga pose for the abdominal organs. This pose will not only help the organs to function properly and treat digestive problems but will also regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce the tummy fat.
2. Supta Badhakonasana (Reclining butterfly pose)
The reclining butterfly pose or the Supta badhakonasana is an effective asana to cool down your body. It is also an effective asana for the treatment of PCOS.
3. Marjaryasana (cat/cow pose)
The Marjaryasana or the cat/cow pose will improve the blood circulation in your body and massage the digestive organs. This pose will stretch and relax your body.
4. Vajrasana (Thunder bolt pose)
Doing vajrasana immediately after your meal will help you to digest the food properly and prevent acidity. This asana will improve blood circulation in the intestine and stomach, improving the digestion process.
5. Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half spinal twist pose or Half lord of the fishes pose)
Ardha Matsyendrasana is one of the best yoga asanas for detoxification of the body. It will improve blood circulation, improve digestion, get rid of the toxins and reduce acidity.