Chandrayaan-2 India’s second lunar mission has completed 1 year of the orbit of the Moon. All the instruments are performing well and there is adequate fuel to operate all types of operations for more about 7 years informed by ISRO. The orbiter completed more than 4,400 orbits around the Moon.
What is chandrayaan 2?
Chandrayaan 2 is a highly complex mission comprises of orbiter, lander, and a rover to explore the south polar region of the Moon which is not explored by any other space organization. Chandrayaan 2 was lift-off at the time of 2:43 pm on July 22, 2019. The Vikram lander was scheduled for landing on September 7, 48th day of the mission but it was a harsh landing. On September 2 when the lander was descending towards the surface of the moon, at the altitude of 2.1 Km communication from the lander to the ground station was lost.
The orbiter camera is the highest resolution camera in any lunar mission so far and will provide high-resolution images that are immensely useful for the global scientific community. ISRO Chandrayaan-2 has several science payloads to expand the lunar scientific knowledge through the detailed study of topography, seismography, mineral identification and distribution, surface chemical composition, thermo-physical characteristics of topsoil and composition of the tenuous lunar atmosphere, leading to a new understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon.
To honor Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai, the Father of the Indian Space Program, one of the craters in Moon captured by the Chandrayaan-2 has been named after him. On the completion of his birth centenary on August 12, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said in a statement that the crater on Mare Serenitatis in the northeast quadrant of the Moon has been named ‘Sarabhai Crater’ to pay tribute to the scientist.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said that “The orbiter is being maintained in 100 +/- 25 km polar orbit with periodic orbit maintenance (OM) maneuvers. So far, 17 OMs are carried out since achieving a 100 km lunar orbit on September 24, 2019. There is adequate onboard fuel to remain operational for about seven years. The anticipated long life of this orbiter can contribute much to the current resurgence of interest among the global scientific community for a sustained presence on the Moon”.
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