The annular solar eclipse is going to occur on June 21, Sunday. This time it becomes an extra special event as the day happens to be a June solstice the longest day of the year. The Ministry of Earth Sciences has said that the celestial event will be visible in Rajasthan, Haryana, and Uttarakhand.
A solar eclipse can be partial, total, or annular. The fourth kind – the hybrid solar eclipse – which is rare and a combination of an annular and a total eclipse. An eclipse occurs when the earth, the moon, and the sun come in the same line and in that order. The sun becomes partially or completely hidden behind the moon. On this solar eclipse, we will see a ring of fire around the moon as the natural satellite will not cover the periphery of the sun.
The bright ring or the annulus of the sun remains visible during an annular eclipse as the moon appears to be smaller than the sun. The sky gazers will get an opportunity to observe the ‘ring of fire’ during the phenomenon. Few prominent places within this narrow annularity path are Dehradun, Kurukshetra, Chamoli, Joshimath, Sirsa, and Suratgarh.
The full solar eclipse will begin at 10:12 am and the phase of annularity will end at 11:50 am. The entire event, however, will end after 2 pm. (INDIA)
Regions in the path of visibility include the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, the Red Sea, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, the Gulf of Oman, Pakistan, India, China, Taiwan, the Philippine Sea (south of Guam), northern Australia and the North Pacific Ocean will be able to witness an annular solar eclipse on June 21.
While the path of the eclipse is long — going across two continents and 14 countries — the path of greatest visibility is quite narrow. In West Africa, the path reaches its maximum width of 53 miles (85 kilometers) wide and the “ring of fire” lasts for about 1 minute and 20 seconds.
The first event was a relatively minor penumbral lunar eclipse on June 5. After Sunday’s solar eclipse, another minor lunar eclipse will occur overnight on July 4 and 5.
it is very dangerous to see a solar eclipse with naked eyes. Looking at the sun directly can destroy the cells in the retina causing retinal burns which are also known as eclipse blindness or solar retinopathy. Symptoms include loss of vision or distorted vision due to a blindspot. Thus, it is always advisable to protect your eyes and use simple tools like pinhole projection to while observing an eclipse.
As per Hindu religious beliefs in India, Surya Grahan (solar eclipse) the main energy providing source sun is not clearly visible. Hindu community avoids worshiping or visiting temples except for Andhra Pradesh’s Sri Kalahasti The Only Temple That Remains Open During Solar Eclipse. (Can anyone explain why in the comment section)
Although a solstice happens twice every year, getting a solstice on a new year is rare. The last of this kind happened on June 21, 2001 – a whopping 19 years ago. And surely, a new moon coincided with a solstice on a 19-year pattern.
The event took place on June 21, 1982 and the next one is going to happen on June 21, 2039.